Assassin Bug

Location: Hillsborough, California January 31, 2011 12:30 am I put on a pair of rubber gloves sitting next to the laundry room sink to wash my dog. I thought I was having a ”charlie horse” on my hand (is that even possible?) and then it felt like someone was pushing a needle in my hand.

Assassin bug: Assassin bug, (family Reduviidae), any of about 7,000 species of insects in the true bug order, Heteroptera (Hemiptera), that are characterized by a.

I realized I was being bitten. I threw off the gloves and shook out the contents and this is what fell out? Can you please identify this creepy looking bug?????? Is is at all dangerous???? I guess it’s not deadly since it happened on Friday (January 28, 2011) and I am still alive on Sunday.

Will you inform me if you can identify it or do I have to keep checking the website? Thank you!!!!! Signature: M.

Bite mark of an Assassin Bug Daniel, Thanks for the quick response! I looked up the Assassin Bug, genus Zelus, on your website and saw a bug that was similar but didn’t have that dreadful looking hook of a mouth. Does that particular insect have a “hook” mouth? Is the “hook” the part that penetrates it’s victims? Is the insect able to point the hook straight forward to penetrate or is it always in the hook position? Better Hi again, All Assassin Bugs have similar mouthparts.

There is some degree of mobility in the organ.

You wake up feeling itchy around your mouth. When you look in the mirror, there’s a little red bump there. It looks like a bug bite so you shrug it off, because hey, it’s Texas. Bugs are part of the deal. But over the next few days, you feel awful. When you head to the doctor, you don’t even mention the bug bite around your mouth. But thankfully, they notice the swelling and ask.

“Just a bug bite,” you say, but they immediately order tests because that looks like something from an assassin bug, Texas’ most underestimated insect. What You Need to Know About the Assassin Bug in Texas What you learn makes you wish that you hadn’t put off bug-proofing your new house: assassin bugs. Chagas disease. Heart problems. Enlarged organs. Luckily, your doctor says you didn’t actually contract Chagas. And thank goodness, because it’s incurable, and according to researchers, somewhere north of 60% of these pests.

The whole thing is terrifying, and you have definitely learned your lesson. From now on, you’ll take bugs seriously. What Exactly is the “Assassin” Bug or “Kissing Bug”?

These nasty little beetles can be found all across the bottom two-thirds of the United States, from California to North Carolina, but they are particularly prominent right here in Texas. In fact, our state suffered a rash of bites back in 2015 that infected.

Like mosquitoes, assassin bugs are bloodsuckers. They live with and feed off of mammals. That means you not only need to worry about yourself and your family members, but your pets as well. Usually, assassin bugs stick to nests in the woods that they make close to rodents, but in the spring and summer, they head out, looking for mates and new places to stay. Lights attract them to people’s houses and they work their way in like most bugs do. Once inside, they seek out cool, dark places during the day and come out at night to feed. How to Identify An Assassin Bug The scientific name for “kissing bugs” is the.

The assassin bug lifecycle can last anywhere from four to 24 months, depending upon the environment and the specific species. Adults have fully developed wings and measure anywhere from ½ inch to 1 inch, with bodies that are mostly black or brown. Some also have red dots on their backs. Both adults and nymphs have similar feeding patterns, meaning they’re dangerous to people as soon as they hatch.

The problem is that unless you really search for assassin bugs in your home, you’re probably not going to see them, even if they are there, because of their sleeping habits. Where to Find Assassin Bugs These types of bugs like living close to their prey. If you’re worried that they’re in your house, you should look in the following places: • Between mattresses • Behind pictures • In boxes • In furniture • In clothes hanging from wall pegs It’s also wise to look outside in your yard, especially if you have: • Bags of food • Stones • Tile • Lumber or firewood How to Prevent Assassin Bugs Generally speaking, you keep assassin bugs out of your house the same way you prevent most insects from entering. Take the following steps to prevent assassin bugs from staying around on your property: • Remove exterior debris, such as leaves • Don’t keep old boxes, newspaper, or furniture lying around • Seal up any cracks and crevices you find, including gaps under exterior doors • Add screens to windows and doors • Replace the regular light bulbs you use with yellow bug-safe bulbs But the best way to ensure you don’t get assassin bugs–or to kill them if you do find them in or around your home–is to call in a pest control specialist. Put ABC’s Expertise To Work on Your Pest Problem ABC Home & Commercial Services can send an experienced technician to your home to assess any pest problem you might be having to determine the best plan of action to help you deal with it.

This means pointing out where your home is vulnerable and helping you to improve issues that could be causing pest problems. Get started today by submitting a request online or giving us a call and together, we can figure out a course of action that works best for your home.

The members of Triatominae, a subfamily of, are also known as conenose bugs, kissing bugs, assassin bugs, or vampire bugs. Other local names for them used in the Latin Americas include barbeiros, vinchucas, pitos and chinches. Most of the 130 or more species of this subfamily are, i.e. Feeds on vertebrate blood; a very few species feed on other invertebrates (Sandoval et al. They are mainly found and widespread in the Americas, with a few species present in Asia, Africa, and Australia.

These bugs usually share shelter with nesting vertebrates, from which they suck blood. In areas where occurs (from the southern to northern ), all triatomine species are potential of the Chagas disease parasite, but only those species (such as and ) that are well adapted to living with humans are considered important vectors. Proteins released from their bites have been known to induce in sensitive and sensitized individuals. Contents • • • • • • • • • • • • • • History [ ] At the beginning of the 19th century made one of the first reports of the existence of triatomines in America in his Journal and Remarks, published in 1839 and commonly known as. The following is an extract which he based on his journal entry dated 26 March 1835:: 315 We crossed the Luxan, which is a river of considerable size, though its course towards the sea-coast is very imperfectly known.

It is even doubtful whether, in passing over the plains, it is evaporated, or whether it forms a tributary of the Sauce or Colorado. We slept in the village, which is a small place surrounded by gardens, and forms the most southern part, that is cultivated, of the; it is five south of the capital. At night I experienced an attack (for it deserves no less a name) of the Benchuca (a species of Reduvius) the great black bug of the Pampas. It is most disgusting to feel soft wingless insects, about an inch long, crawling over one's body. Before sucking they are quite thin, but afterwards they become round and bloated with blood, and in this state are easily crushed.

They are also found in the northern parts of Chile and in Peru. One which I caught at, was very empty. When placed on the table, and though surrounded by people, if a finger was presented, the bold insect would immediately draw its sucker, make a charge, and if allowed, draw blood.

No pain was caused by the wound. It was curious to watch its body during the act of sucking, as it changed in less than ten minutes, from being as flat as a wafer to a globular form. This one feast, for which the benchuca was indebted to one of the officers, kept it fat during four whole months; but, after the first fortnight, the insect was quite ready to have another suck.: 315 Note: Luxan is a reference to the town/district of, though there is no longer a river named after the town in its vicinity (the only in present-day Argentina empties into the and is basically a minor branch of the ); the Benchuca is identified by as which is commonly called the 'Vinchuca' bug. There has been considerable medical speculation as to whether or not Darwin's contact with triatomines in Argentina was related to his later bouts of, though it is unlikely to have been caused on this specific occasion as he made no mention of the fever that usually follows the first infection. Discovery of triatominae's relation with Chagas disease [ ] In 1909 the Brazilian doctor discovered that these insects were responsible for the transmission of to many of his patients in Lassance, a village located on the banks of the in (). Poor people living there complained of some insects they called barbeiros that bite during the night. Carlos Chagas put his first observations in words: Knowing the domiciliary habits of the insect, and its abundance in all the human habitations of the region, we immediately stayed on, interested in finding out the exact biology of the barbeiro, and the transmission of some parasite to man or to another vertebrate'.

Another Brazilian,, former student of Carlos Chagas, became devoted to the research of the triatomines and together with made a revision of the Triatominae, a summary of 40 years of studies on the triatomines up to 1989. Biological aspects [ ]. Rhodnius prolixus nymphs and adult Life cycle [ ] Triatomines undergo.

A wingless first nymph hatches from an egg, and may be small as 2mm. It passes successively through 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and 5th instars. Finally, the fifth instar turns into an adult, acquiring two pairs of wings.

Ecology [ ] All triatomine instars and adults are and require the stability of a sheltered environment where they aggregate. Most species are associated with wild nesting and are named ' triatomines. These live in ground burrows with or, or in tree-dwellings with, birds,,. Few species (5%) live in human dwellings or in the surroundings of human houses (peridomicile) in the shelters of domestic animals, these are named ' species. Many sylvatic species are in process of domiciliation (i.e.

Behavior [ ] Most triatomines aggregate in refuges during day and search for blood during night when the host is asleep and the air is cooler. Odors as well as heat guide these insects to the host. Carbon dioxide emanating from breath, as well as ammonia, short chain amines and carboxylic acids from skin, hair, and exocrine glands from vertebrate animals, are among the volatiles that attract triatomines. Vision also serves triatomines for orientation. During night, adults of diverse species fly to houses attracted by light. Adults produce a pungent odor () when disturbed, and are also capable of producing a particular sound by rubbing the rostrum over a stridulatory sulcus under its head (). Epidemiology [ ] Domestic and sylvatic species can carry the parasite to humans and wild mammals; birds are immune to the parasite.

Cruzi transmission is carried mainly from human to human by domestic kissing bugs; from the vertebrate to the bug by blood, and from the bug to the vertebrate by the insect's feces, and not by its saliva as occurs in most bloodsucking arthropod vectors such as Malaria mosquitoes. Triatomine infestation especially affects older dwellings. One can recognize the presence of triatomines in a house by its feces, exuviae, eggs, and individuals themselves. Triatomines characteristically leave 2 kinds of like strikes on walls of infected houses; one is white with, the other is dark (black) containing. Whitish or pinkish eggs can be seen in wall crevices. After having had a blood meal the insects sometimes show a limited mobility and can be identified easily. Controlling triatomine infestations [ ] Insecticide treatment [ ] Synthetic are the main class of used to control triatominae infestations.

Insecticide treatment is more effective on non-porous surfaces, such as hardwood timber, fired bricks and plastered walls, than on porous surfaces such as mud. A single treatment with insecticide will typically protect against triatomine infestation for a year or more on timber walls vs 2-3 months on adobe walls. Wettable powders, suspension concentrates and insecticide paints can improve treatment effectiveness on porous surfaces. Rates of insecticide resistance among triatominae are fairly low due to their long life cycle and low genetic variability, but there are some reports of resistance, particularly among populations in Bolivia and Argentina. Download Black Pistol Fire Big Beat 59 Rarity. Tribes, genera and numbers of described species [ ] The monophyletic nature of the Triatominae subfamily is strongly supported by molecular data, indicating that their blood-sucking character has occurred only this once within the. • • 2 • • 9 • 1 • 2 • 2 • • 2 • • 6 • • 3 • 16 • • 1 • 2 • 1 • 6 • 2 • 3 • 13 • 1 • 67 Note: For a complete list of species see A checklist of the current valid species of the subfamily Triatominae Jeannel, 1919 (Hemiptera, Reduviidae) and their geographical distribution, with nomenclatural and taxonomic notes Most important vectors [ ] All 138 Triatominae species are potentially able to transmit to humans but the following five species are the most epidemiologically important vectors of Chagas disease. • • • • • References [ ].