The topic of this article may not meet Wikipedia's. Please help to establish notability by citing that are of the topic and provide significant coverage of it beyond its mere trivial mention. If notability cannot be established, the article is likely to be,,. Find sources: – (November 2010) () () The Harlequin RIP is a first released in 1990 under the name 'ScriptWorks' running as a command-line application to render language files under.
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It was developed by, a software company based in Cambridge, England. Contents • • • • • • • • History [ ] The Harlequin RIP started off life in 1986 as the final year University project of Andy Cave, now CEO of.
The project was to build a subset of a postscript interpreter that could preview the result of converting TEX/LATEX files to PostScript (so that the PhD students wouldn't waste so much paper on the new LaserWriter). Although only a subset was required, Andy ended up creating quite a complete implementation. In 1987 Andy joined Harlequin Limited, founding the RIP division and bringing with him the work that he'd done at Bath University. Several years hard work then began on turning a university project into a professional product. In the early 1990s Harlequin was commissioned by Xenotron to develop a (RIP) to run on computers to drive their Ultre-based image setters, exposing onto film and. The Macintosh version proved successful and Harlequin signed up a number of other (OEM) partners to sell it, including Pongrass, ECRM, Autologic, Xitron, Koronix, Purup, Graphic Enterprises and Compose.
In 1992 a variation of the same core RIP was developed and was also sold through OEM partners before being replaced by a version running under in 1993. In 1999 The Harlequin Group went into receivership (despite the Harlequin RIP division being highly profitable) and was bought. The Harlequin Group, including all staff and assets, was renamed to Global Graphics Software Limited. The Unix-based command-line version of the RIP was phased out and a few years later the RIP was finally renamed from ScriptWorks to the Harlequin RIP. RIP variants [ ] From 2004 onwards Global Graphics expanded the reach of the Harlequin RIP by producing a number of variants for different market sectors: • The Harlequin Server RIP (HSR) is designed for use in most production print segments other than pure-play digital press systems. It includes a graphical user interface (GUI) and can accept files from a wide variety of sources and export rasters to a huge number of output devices and file formats using input and output plugins.
• The Harlequin Host Renderer (HHR) is designed for use in digital front ends (DFEs) for digital production presses. It can be integrated very tightly with the rest of the system and can be effectively implemented in large RIP farms. HHR can also be integrated into software applications where there's a need for creation of raster representations of pages. • The Harlequin Embedded SDK (EBD) is designed for use on controller-boards embedded within home and office printers. The Harlequin RIP is sold only through OEM partners, each of whom builds it into their own system, Digital Front End (DFE) or controller. It is therefore sold under a variety of names and it is not always easy to identify whether a system uses a Harlequin RIP or not. Harlequin RIP OEM partners [ ] Harlequin RIPs are sold through partners under the following names: • - Express RIP • - ECRM RIP • - Workflow ESP, DigiPage, FTIFF, Fusion RIP, Fusion SiLK, PPS, ColorRay • - Navigator Harlequin RIP • - Cloudflow RIP • - Rasterize-it, PrePage-it • - Momentum RIP • - rti-rips.com • - HQ-510 RIP, PixelStream Workflow This list is incomplete; not all Harlequin OEMs have agreed to their use of the technology being published. 2d Fighter Maker 2002 V1 02 Sensor.
RIP capabilities [ ] Current versions of the Harlequin RIP can interpret: • language files • (PDF) • (XPS) • (EPS) • (DCS) • (TIFF) • • • The Harlequin Embedded SDK also supports, including and (PJL). All file formats are interpreted natively, without conversion to an intermediate format (PDF is not converted to PostScript and vice versa, for example). Global Graphics claims that processing without conversion allows for higher speeds and avoids artifacts arising from the conversion. Of live transparency in PDFs was recognized by several awards: Publishing Essential's Impact Award for 'RIP of the Year' in 1997 and 1998 and the Silver Award in the Pre-press News and Publishing Awards of 1997 for 'RIP/Server product of the year'. The Harlequin RIP also explicitly supports and can be set to reject files that do not comply with those standards, or to include conformance information on the control strip of a proof.
Harlequin's OEM partners have built DFEs with full support for additional formats such as the around the Harlequin RIP. Global Graphics has always claimed that the Harlequin RIP offers the highest performance available in a PostScript or PDF RIP. Its selection by to drive their T300 inkjet production press at 2600 pages per minute (ppm) and the T350 at over 3900ppm would appear to support that claim. A number of extra components are available for the variants of the Harlequin RIP, leading to descriptions of the Harlequin Server RIP as a 'prepress workflow in a box'. Included and additional options include: • ColorPro – in-RIP (formerly known as Harlequin ICC Profile Processor (HIPP)).
(Available in EBD, HHR, HSR). • Font emulation – if a PostScript or PDF file is submitted to the RIP and does not include all of the required embedded within it, and if those fonts are also not pre-installed in the RIP then they can be emulated to provide a reasonable simulacrum of the original font. The emulated fonts match the widths, weight and general style of the missing font and it is claimed that reproduction is usually good enough that a reader who had not seen the page with the original fonts in place would not notice any issues. Font emulation is therefore very useful for quick-print and corporate reproduction departments, and for display advertising in publication and newsprint.
Global Graphics was presented with a Intertech award in 2007 for font emulation. (Available in EBD, HHR, HSR). • Harlequin Cross-Modulated screening (HXM) – this technology combines aspects of stochastic and conventional screens to retain fine detail without the problems of noise occasionally encountered with pure stochastic screens. (Available in HHR, HSR). • Harlequin Dispersed Screening (HDS) – this technology can be used to retain fine detail in images. (Available in EBD, HHR, HSR). • JDF support – the Enabler can be added to a Harlequin RIP to enable it to accept jobs in CIP4's Job Definition Format (JDF).
The Harlequin RIP with the JDF Enabler was the first product to be formally certified by CIP4 in 2004. (Available in HSR). • Open Prepress Interchange (OPI) – 'thin' PostScript and PDF files containing low resolution 'For position only' (FPO) images may be submitted to the RIP, which will replace the image data with high-resolution files held locally. The equivalent (DCS) format is also supported, as are reference XObjects in PDF files.
(Available in HHR, HSR). • PDF Retained Raster – a technology designed to maximize performance of (VDP) jobs, even if they are delivered as basic PDF files instead of a specialist VDP format. Shared page backgrounds are identified and rendered only once, then merged with variable text foregrounds. (Available in HHR, HSR). • Simple imposition – fully automated in-RIP of PDF files for 2- and 4-up saddle stitch, 4-up perfect binding, step & repeat, cut & stack etc. (Available in EBD, HHR, HSR).
• TrapPro – in-RIP solution, supporting trap zone and trapping parameters delivered in PostScript language or PJTF commands within a PDF file, and also configuration within the RIP's GUI. TrapPro includes a number of advanced features such as small object protection, mitered, sliding, anamorphic, narrowed and feathered traps. (Available in HHR, HSR). Several third party products add more functionality around the Harlequin Server RIP, including: • Auraia screening from – a digitally modulated screening solution claimed to provide the equivalent of very high frequency screens on a wide variety of CtP devices and plates. • FirstProof from – providing additional options for soft-proofing of Harlequin raster output. Harlequin Server RIP release history [ ] • V4.0 (1996) – Addition of output plugin to create CIP3 Print Production Format (PPF) files. • V4.5 (1997) – in-RIP trapping added under the name EasyTrap • V5.0 (1998) – Addition of support for PostScript LanguageLevel 3 and PDF 1.2 files as well as PostScript 1 and PostScript Level 2.
Addition of 'SetGold' a utility used to create 'golden state' profiles for color proofing devices to ensure that neutrals print neutral and that the gamut of the proofer is used optimally. • V5.1 (1999) • V5.3 (2000) – Support for PDF 1.3 added, can enforce the PDF/X-1 standard. • V5.5 (2001) • V6.0 – Eclipse release (2002) – EasyTrap withdrawn and replaced with TrapPro. Previous versions of in-RIP color management withdrawn and replaced with ColorPro, including support for N-color profiles. Support for PDF 1.4 added, including native interpretation and rendering of live transparency in PDF files.
Support for PDF/A-1a and PDF/X-3 added. V6.0 was the first version to run under Mac OS X. SetGold upgraded to SetGold Pro, enabling the creation of full profiles for color proofers. • V6.4 – Eclipse SP4 (2004) – JDF input support added. Users could now 'try before you buy' (TBYB) on layered options such as TrapPro, CIP3 output.
• V7.0 – Genesis release (2005) – Simple imposition and Font emulation added. PDF support extended to version 1.5. Supported on Windows XP. • V7.1 (2006) – Support for ICC v4.0 profiles added in ColorPro. Print Production Manager (PPM added). PDF support extended to version 1.6.
• V7.2 (2007) – TIFF output plugin extended to support spot colors. • V8.0 (2008) – Support for XPS and HD Photo added. PDF support extended to version 1.7. New output plugin added to create raster PDFs for soft-proofing & approval. Supported on Windows Vista. Addition of multi-threaded renderer to take advantage of multi-core computers and hyper-threading (earlier versions of the Harlequin RIP offered symmetric multi-processing (SMP) designed for use on computers with multiple CPUs). PDF Retained Raster added.
• V8.1 (2009) – TrapPro enhanced to use less memory. Significant enhancements to performance when rendering live PDF transparency. • V8.3 (2010) – Expanded support for hybrid and digitally modulated screens. Support for PDF Retained Raster extended to more classes of output device. Supported on Windows 7 and Mac OS X 10.6 (Snow Leopard). • V9.0 (2011) – Supports more PDF/X variants and PANTONE Plus libraries. • V10.0 (2014) – Improvements in multithreading and memory management (64-bit version available), so faster ripping and better support for complex jobs.
Version 8.3 of the Harlequin Server RIP is supported under Windows XP, Vista, 7, Server 2003, Server 2008 and Mac OS X 10.3-10.6. Harlequin Host Renderer [ ] The Harlequin Host Renderer was launched in 2005; version 1.3 was released in late 2009.
Core RIP functionality in HHR has tracked with Harlequin Server RIP except that HHR currently has the following additional features in comparison to HSR 8.3: • Higher performance, especially when processing live PDF transparency • Support for PDF/X-4p, PDF/X-5g and PDF/X-5pg, enabling OEMs to create DFEs fully compliant to the PDF/VT standard (ISO 16612-2:2010) • Support for 2- and 4-bit screening HHR is supported on Linux and Windows. Harlequin Embedded SDK [ ] The Harlequin Embedded SDK (EBD) has been optimized for use within home and office printers. To that end it supports several versions of the (PCL), as well as the Printer Job Language () and Hewlett-Packard Graphics Language (). EBD version 3 was released in 2009. It is supported under a variety of real-time and near-real-time operating systems including Embedded Windows XP,, and, and on a variety of hardware architectures, including, and, with or without a (SOC) around the.
Global Graphics has announced a partnership with to provide a combination of hardware and (PDL) software for home and small office printers. References [ ].
Data obtained from the FSCS show that payouts over four firms: 1 Stop Financial Services, TailorMade Independent Limited, Crawford Scott Limited and Kynaston-Carnoustie Financial Consultancy Limited, have so far totalled £63.3 million since they were in July 2014. The most payouts have been over claims relating to 1 Stop, with £30.9 million to date, and TailorMade, with £29 million to date. Claims against Crawford Scott and Kynaston-Carnoustie have resulted in payouts of £1.6 million and £1.8 million respectively. 1 Stop Financial and TailorMade both advised a large number of clients to invest in overseas property schemes run by Harlequin.
Just under half of 1 Stop’s clients, 958, invested into overseas property investments operated by, according to the Financial Conduct Authority, which 1 Stop partners Andrew Rees and Timothy Hughes last April for giving unsuitable advice to over 2,000 customers on pension switching, valued at in excess of £112 million. The two partners agreed to pay their combined fine of £490,000 towards the FSCS before the scheme decided 1 Stop customers could seek redress. The FSCS Sipp-related advice given by TailorMade in 2014 after the firm advised clients to transfer their pensions into Sipps which were then invested in schemes including Green Oil Plantations and Harlequin.
In March the FSCS confirmed a £20 million on life and pension advisers for 2014/15 which resulted from an increase in Sipp-related claims. The interim levy was announced a month after the scheme almost doubled its annual levy for life and pension advisers for 2015/16 to £100 million.
For the same year investment advisers were hit with a £116 million levy. The majority of advisers fund both the life and pensions intermediary subclass and the investment intermediary subclass, but the amount they pay for each corresponds to how much investment and pension business they do.
TIFF RIP Harlequin TIFF RIP software can be used with a wide variety of output devices. The TIFF RIP can output a 1-bit or 8-bit TIFF file which can be used with a wide variety of third party applications and equipment. Output screened TIFF files to your CTP, existing RIP or direct-to-screen device quickly and easily using the Harlequin RIP.