In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Sign Language Studies 2.4 (2002) 356-379 Commentary Do Deaf People Have a Disability? RECENTLY I asked a colleague, a university professor I'll call Archibald, whether he thought that Deaf people have a disability. 'Of course they do,' he answered, 'it's common sense.' I believe that most hearing people and some Deaf people, too, would say the same thing. When my colleague called the conclusion common sense, he implied that the meanings of the words themselves answered my question. A disability is a limitation of function because of an impairment.
Deaf people are limited in some functions because of an impairment of hearing. Therefore, Deaf people have a disability. That nicely closes the issue for my colleague, but it closes it too soon for us.
To travel this issue with the common sense meanings of the words is to travel with too much a priori baggage. In particular, these meanings take deaf and disability to be physical attributes of individuals, like their blood pressure or eye color. A great deal follows from this biological understanding of deaf and disability, including much that Deaf people find hurtful and inimical to their interests. I propose, therefore, to suspend common sense on this issue long enough to explore the concepts of deaf and disability so we can see what was buried in both the question and the answer. How did the concept of disability arise and what purposes does it serve in our societies? In several of his works, the French philosopher [End Page 356] Michel Foucault (1980) showed how 'bodies are the battlefield'—that is, how political and economic forces in the history of the Western world have fought for control of the human body and its functions. By the eighteenth century, the Western tradition of esteeming the poor was replaced by a political analysis of idleness that continues to the present.
To make productive citizens out of idle burdens on the state, it was necessary to distinguish those who could not work (the sick and disabled) from those who would not work (beggars, vagabonds, and thieves). Formation Force De Vente Pdf To Jpg. In 1994 presidential aspirant Phil Gramm, a senator from Texas, confirmed this policy objective of separating the infirm from the indolent: '[We want able-bodied] people riding in the [welfare] wagon,' he said, 'to get out. And help the rest of us pull.' The incoming Speaker of the House, Newt Gingrich, agreed (Welfare Helps Kids 1994).
Noise-induced hearing loss is a permanent disability, although the impairment sometimes can be rehabilitated with hearing aids. Since 1978, the Department of Defense (DoD) policy has required each of the armed services to have in place HCPs incorporating noise hazard identification, safety signs and labels, noise mitigation, education and training. Industrial deafness is the loss of hearing caused by working in a noisy environment over a period of time. It's different to hearing loss that is the result of a.
Likewise, the British government has stated that the products of special education 'should be productive if possible and not a burden on the state' (Department of Education and Science 1978). A 1993 Japanese law similarly aims to make people with disabilities independent and thus employable (Nagase 1995). To reduce the numbers of those who could not work and must be given a free ride, the state, starting in the eighteenth century, assumed great responsibility for ensuring the health of the population and could even penetrate the tightly knit family unit and prescribe what should happen to the child's body: hygiene, inoculation, treatments for disease, and compulsory education (Foucault 1980). These practices are generally quite desirable, and they thus formed a continuing basis for the state's claim on the control of bodies.
During this era of the rise of modern medicine and the growing intervention of the state in the health of the family, the first national schools for Deaf people were founded. In order to ensure that those who could work would do so, a central purpose of those schools was to teach the Deaf pupils a trade, removing them from their families where they were poor dependents and converting them into productive members of society.
The Deaf schools in Europe contained shops to teach trades such as printing, carpentry, masonry, gardening, tailoring, and so on. When schools for Deaf people were founded in the United States, they followed this model (Lane 1984).
[End Page 357] With the arrival of the Industrial Revolution, much larger numbers of people were marginalized; machinery, buildings, and transportation were designed for the normative worker. To separate the. • If you would like to authenticate using a different subscribed institution that supports Shibboleth authentication or have your own login and password to Project MUSE, click 'Authenticate'. • • • You are not currently authenticated. • View freely available titles: OR.
Tallie is very small and slight in build, sitting at the lower end of her species standard. She stands at a modest 20 inches high, and weighs just 81 pounds. Her base coat is a lovely red-tinged brown, with the grey and brown markings typical of her species. Her green eyes are set in a face of dark grey save for a red bridge across her muzzle which serves to further highlight her eyes. Her long legs and slender body give her a distinctly feminine build, and her fluffy tail can usually be seen held loftily behind her.
Her coat is soft and shiny, and the white of her lower face and chest is kept bright as a result to close attention paid to grooming. The length of her legs is only further accentuated by their light cream colouration, interrupted by dark russet patches just above her front paws. Her markings could almost give the indication of socks to an inexperienced eye, although her paws are the same cream as her upper legs. She has a small scar on the back of her right ear, where an run-in with another wolf left her with partial hearing loss. Wary, suspicious and guarded.
Contrary to what her small size may indicate, Tallie is far from small and sweet. Upon first meeting new people, she often resorts to sarcasm as a means of keeping strangers at bay, making sure to keep her wits about her until they prove trustworthy. She is always careful to tow the line – ensuring that her sarcasm doesn’t cross over into rudeness, although sometimes she struggles with this. She finds it very hard to trust at first, largely due to the fact that she has been alone for so long. Loyal, sweet and caring. Despite her initial hesitance to trust people, once somebody earns her trust Tallie is intensely loyal. She will defend her friends as much as she is able to, and although she does her best to hide it, she has a serious soft spot for pups or those more vulnerable than herself.
Self-aware, confident and strong. After spending so much time by herself, Tallie is incredibly aware of her own strengths and weaknesses. As a small wolf, she often plays off her unintimidating appearance in order to trick people into thinking she is less capable, and relies heavily on her speed for getting her out of risky situations. She is very conscious of the slight hearing loss in her right ear and tries to compensate by paying close attention to any and all visual and scent clues that may give her a clue as to what is happening around her. Although she does her best to appear mentally strong, Tallie’s biggest fear is being abandoned without warning. This comes largely from her anxiety surrounding the disappearance of her mother and her lack of knowledge around what happened. This also contributes to her inability to trust easily.
Off Site: Tallie has been a vagabond for as long as she can remember. Her earliest memories are of travelling through the unclaimed lands with her mother and her brother. Her mother often spoke of her father, but never told Tallie who he was or whether he was still alive or dead. Throughout much of her childhood she remembers her mother spending time with other vagabonds – hunting together when food had been scarce for a while and even sometimes travelling as a group for a number of weeks before splitting up again. The majority of her childhood was fairly uneventful. Her and her brother were very close with each other and their mother, and their mother trained them how to use their individual strengths and weaknesses to their advantage.
When Tallie was just over a year old, their mother met a male wolf and the two of them grew closer. Tallie’s brother and the other male didn’t get along, and a few months into their travels together, Tallie’s brother made the decision to leave his family behind and start off by himself. Not long after he left, Tallie went hunting by herself and whilst chasing down Bighorn sheep calf, had an altercation with another vagabond which resulted in partial hearing loss in her right ear. By the time Tallie made her way back to the place she had agreed to meet her mother, both her and the male they had been travelling with were gone.
Tallie hung around for weeks before realising that her mother was not returning for her, and eventually making the decision to set off by herself. Tallie has struggled with the decision to join a pack or remain a vagabond for a long time. Her lack of experience with pack dynamics makes her nervous that she may not fit in or be able to make things worse, but her longing for a family is beginning to drive her out of isolation. She is gradually becoming more social with other vagabonds, building up the social skills that have been suffering due to travelling alone for the past few months.